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Basilica of Saint John the Evangelist in Ephesus, Turkey

tomb of saint john in ephesus turkey         basilica of saint john

Today what is left from Basilica of Saint John the evangelist stand two kilometers away from Ephesus Ancient City. Basilica was built on the burial site of Saint John the Evangelist by Emperor Justinian in the 6th century A.D. Actually the basilica standing today is the latest building built on this hill in the name of Saint John. As we know a little wooden hut was built on this hill after the death of Saint John and on 4th century A.D. a little chapel was built here. Building we see now is the latest installment from 6th century. Tomb of St. John the Evangelist, located under the main central dome, was one of the most sacred sites in the Middle Ages and tomb is still visitable today. Common belief says that John wrote his gospel in Ephesus at the request of other disciples, then died in this church which was built in his name. Today chuch has a cross plan and only some outer walls can be seen due to earthquakes hit the area in fourteen hundreds.

Ephesus, Turkey Crash Course

  • Home of one of the seven wonders of the ancient world: The Temple of Artemis, one of the seven wonders of the ancient world, was in Ephesus.
  • Celsus Library: There are visible ruins of a library which was built in the name of Proconsul Tiberius Julius Celsus Polemeanus which housed nearly 15,000 scrolls.
  • Population: Ephesus used to be a Roman city with population of 250.000 people. It was the second largest city of the Roman Empire.
  • History: Ephesus dates back to some time between 1500-1000 B.C.
  • Restoration: Ephesus was discovered in 1800s and the ancient city is still being restored. Today only around ten percent of the city is open for the public visit.
  • Diverse: A big city not just for pagans. Christians, Jews, Egyptians and many more nations were living in Ephesus.
  • Religious: Ephesus was one of the most important cities for early Christianity, that the third ecumenical council was held there in A.D. 431.
  • Ephesus was the site of Saint Paul's ministry for three years.
  • Home of Heraclitus Presocratic philosopher, Zeuxis (5th century BC) painter, Agasias (2nd century BC) Greek sculptors, Manuel Philes (c. 1275 – 1345) Byzantine poet.
  • Current Ephesus: Ephesus is now Selçuk, located on the Asian side of Turkey (Anatolia). Ephesus is still considered to be one of the biggest ancient sites in the world and attracts millions of people every year.
  • Ephesus was visited by Pope Benedict XVI, Pope Paul VI, Pope John Paul II.
  • Ephesus Amphitheater used to host 25.000 people!
  • There was totally 127 columns on the Temple of Artemis before ''Herostratus'' burned it down to become famous.

ephesus pictures