Ephesus Ancient City
Ephesus is not just an ancient city located in Turkey also it is one of the best preserved Roman cities in Mediterranean. Ephesus is located in the middle of a rich valley and Ephesus used to be a popular trading port. All of the important people in Roman times paid their visits to Ephesus. Apostle Paul, Saint John the Evangelist, Virgin Mary, Kleopatra and many more did stopped in Ephesus, Turkey. Ephesus, home of Great Temple of Artemis, was founded by Greek prince Androlocos in 11th century B.C. City was Greek till 546 B.C. and The Persian rule lasted until Alexander the Great (334 B.C.). After the death of Alexander city went under his commander's rule and Ephesus stayed as a small city till Roman Empire arrived the area. Ephesus became the capital of Asia Minor state of Roman Empire then the things became better than ever for Ephesians. Ephesus turned into the second biggest city in the ancient world and it was one of the biggest economies alive. As we know port of Ephesus was silted by sands carried by Meander River than they had to leave the city.
Today Ephesus is really rich with number of well preserved ruins. Most significant ones are, the odeon, used as a concert hall and city council with the capacity of 1.500 people, Temple of Hadrian dating back to the second century where one of the best sculpture craftsmanship can be seen,Curettes Street hosting many monuments and countless colums on the sides of its marble paved ground, fountain dedicated Emperor Trajan where a part of a remaining statue shows us that Romans knew the round shape of the world in the first century AD long before than Galileo Galilei, Latrines (toilets) where it can be seen how they cared about public sanity. Apart from the ones above two of Ephesus's outstanding monuments holds an importance not just for their home city also for world's cultural and architectural heritage. The first one is library of Celsus which is located at the end of the Curettes Street. Celsus library looks like a two storeyed building seen from the facade but as we know it used to have three stories inside. Facade of the building shows us a rare found craftsmanship. Also the library used to be the third biggest library of the ancient world, having after the libraries of Alexandria and Pergamon. Anyone who stands in front of this monumental building can understand why did it take twenty years (115 AD to 135 AD) to complete it. The second one is Ephesus' grand theatre which had the capacity of 25.000 spectators. It was not just a place of art also as we know it was used for animal and gladiator fights. With its great dimensions it makes one think about how miniscule my moment in time really is. It's one of the sacred ruins of Ephesus, according to the Acts of the Apostles (19:23-41), the theater was the site of the "riot of the silversmiths" in which those who made silver figures of Artemis the pagan godess of the city rioted because Paul's preaching was bad for business. In the 1st century AD, the Apostle Paul spent over three years in Ephesus and he sermonized many times, disapproving pagan worship, in this theater.