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Temple of Artemis (a.k.a. Temple of Diana) in Ephesus, Turkey


temple of artemis illustiration        temple of artemis


Temple of Artemis was located two kilometers from Ephesus used to be one of the seven wonders of the ancient world. It was built and destroyed three times till it's latest form that we see today from 401 A.D. Today only one single standing column, some foundations and fragments of the walls can be seen where this wonder used to stand. The old temple was built around seventh century B.C.  in the name of the goddess Artemis. The temple was financed by the wealthy king of Lydia. The temple started to attract merchants, kings, and sightseers, many of donated sacrifices, jewelery and other valuables to Artemis temple. As we know temple was burned down by an arsonist, named Herostratus, who was motivated by fame at any cost, thus the term "herostratic fame." Legend says the Ephesians ordered name ''Herostratus''  never be recorded and that anyone who spoke of him should be put to death. Some of the columns that were built in Hagia Sophia (a church in Istanbul, Turkey) are thought to have been originally part of the Temple of Artemis.

Ephesus, Turkey Crash Course

  • Home of one of the seven wonders of the ancient world: The Temple of Artemis, one of the seven wonders of the ancient world, was in Ephesus.
  • Celsus Library: There are visible ruins of a library which was built in the name of Proconsul Tiberius Julius Celsus Polemeanus which housed nearly 15,000 scrolls.
  • Population: Ephesus used to be a Roman city with population of 250.000 people. It was the second largest city of the Roman Empire.
  • History: Ephesus dates back to some time between 1500-1000 B.C.
  • Restoration: Ephesus was discovered in 1800s and the ancient city is still being restored. Today only around ten percent of the city is open for the public visit.
  • Diverse: A big city not just for pagans. Christians, Jews, Egyptians and many more nations were living in Ephesus.
  • Religious: Ephesus was one of the most important cities for early Christianity, that the third ecumenical council was held there in A.D. 431.
  • Ephesus was the site of Saint Paul's ministry for three years.
  • Home of Heraclitus Presocratic philosopher, Zeuxis (5th century BC) painter, Agasias (2nd century BC) Greek sculptors, Manuel Philes (c. 1275 – 1345) Byzantine poet.
  • Current Ephesus: Ephesus is now Selçuk, located on the Asian side of Turkey (Anatolia). Ephesus is still considered to be one of the biggest ancient sites in the world and attracts millions of people every year.
  • Ephesus was visited by Pope Benedict XVI, Pope Paul VI, Pope John Paul II.
  • Ephesus Amphitheater used to host 25.000 people!
  • There was totally 127 columns on the Temple of Artemis before ''Herostratus'' burned it down to become famous.

ephesus pictures